Sixth grade will not be switching teachers due to the Covid restrictions. We are studying geography and mapping first. They students will be creating an interactive notebook.
1. Absolute Location – The exact spot where something is located, usually its latitude and longitude
2. Cardinal Directions – Located on the compass rose, they are North, South, West, and East
3. Climate – Weather patterns in an area usually experienced over a long period of time
4. Compass Rose – A navigational instrument; may include cardinal and intermediate
5. Continent – One of the seven principle landmasses of the earth
6. Distortion – A change in the accuracy of shapes, direction, or distances shown on
7. Environment – Our surroundings
8. Equator – An imaginary latitude line located between the north & south poles at 0
9. Geography – The study of Earth and the people who live on it and how they use it
10. Hemispheres – Half of the Earth (there are four)
11. Intermediate Directions – Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, and Southwest
12. Key/Legend – The section of a map that explains the symbols for the map features
13. Latitude/Parallel – Imaginary east-west circles around the earth that run parallel to
14. Longitude/Meridian – Imaginary lines that run from the North to South Pole (top-
bottom) around the world
15. Prime Meridian – Imaginary line of longitude that runs from North to South Pole at 0
16. Region – Areas with similar characteristics
17. Relative Location – The approximate spot where something is located, usually
compared to other places
18. Scale – The size of an area on a map as compared with the area’s actual size.
19. Tropic of Cancer – Imaginary line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees North of the
20. Tropic of Capricorn – Imaginary line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees South of of the equator
5 Themes of Geography
Key Question: What makes this place different from other places?
1. Physical Differences – Nature, landscape, climate, wildlife, rivers, soil, etc.
2. Human Differences – Things that have changed due to people such as homes, buildings, roads,
culture, lifestyle, traditions
Key Question: How can the earth be divided into regions for study?
Definition: Region – areas that can be grouped based on similarities
1 – By governments – countries and states
2 – By service or function – school districts, delivery routes
3 – By physical characteristics – the South, Southern California Beaches, the Middle East,
Key Question: What are the relationships between people and their places?
3 Key Areas:
1. People change their environment
Definition: Adaptation: Change to fit the situation
(“think” wear shorts on a hot day in the desert)
2. People change their environment
Definition: Modification: Changing the situation to fit your needs
(think: clearing forests to grow crops)
3. People depend on their environment for survival
Definition: Dependence: Need to live or survive
(think: cutting down trees for firewood or to build shelters or using the river for transporting
**special note** It is not always clear which is which, sometimes how humans interact with their environment may be a combination of these categories.
Key Question: Where are thing located?
1. Absolute Location – street address, coordinates on a map (latitude and longitude used by GPS)
2. Relative Location – About where something can be found. The general area such as next to
McDonald’s, a 10-minute walk, on the beach.
Key Question: What are the patterns of movement of the people, products, and information?
– Movement refers to the way people, objects, goods./products, information, wealth,
communication, and ideas, etc. move from one place to another.
– This can be local such as how did you get to school today, or it can be global such as
how did humans get to North America?
Coming up next: Continents, Rivers, Oceans and Map Skills